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Civil Society Statement Recognizing the Role of Global Health in Development

Download PDF version of statement here.

As organizations that work around the world to ensure healthier, safer lives for all people, we join together to support sustained and strengthened U.S. commitment to global health.

Health is the backbone of strong and stable communities, which makes global health – in addition to humanitarian relief, democracy and governance, disaster assistance, agriculture development, and education – a critical component of how the United States engages with the world. By investing in global health and development, the United States helps to build healthier and more self-reliant communities, which are more economically and politically stable. U.S. leadership in global health is critical to reaching the finish line on bold global health initiatives.

Global health programs also are some of the greatest successes of U.S. foreign assistance, and have contributed to tremendous gains in health around the world, including a halving of preventable child deaths, a 60 percent decrease in deaths from malaria, and a 45 percent reduction in maternal mortality since 1990. They are also some of the most critical, putting the U.S at forefront of fighting future disease threats, building resilient health systems, and promoting global health security. Global health programs play an important role in meeting objectives across other evelopment priorities, as well, including food security and gender equality.

As the Administration considers the organization of the U.S. government, including international development and diplomacy operations, it is critical to recognize and sustain global health functions that support maternal and child health; HIV/AIDs; tuberculosis; malaria; neglected tropical diseases; family planning and reproductive health; water, sanitation, and hygiene; nutrition; noncommunicable diseases; research and development; workforce development; and global health security.

Any reorganization of U.S. foreign aid and diplomacy operations must prioritize:

Distinct and deliberate tracks for development and diplomacy. While development and diplomacy work hand-in- hand to promote our humanitarian and security interests, they offer different and unique perspectives on U.S. global engagement. U.S. global health efforts exemplify this distinction, as programs work to improve health in the most vulnerable populations worldwide, not just in those areas of strategic national interest. Accordingly, agenda-setting, priorities, and budgets for these two areas of foreign policy must remain distinct and deliberate.

Global health as a prominent and distinct feature of U.S. foreign aid and development. Global health is multi- faceted and cross-cutting – and one that is not confined to national borders, low economic or humanitarian development status, or emergency operations. For U.S. humanitarian and strategic objectives, it is just as important for global health efforts to address challenges stemming from a natural disaster as it is to target endemic health issues that may prevent a country from achieving growth and stability. It is critical that any redesign or restructuring of U.S. development and diplomacy programs maintains a prominent and distinct place for global health that recognizes and supports the diverse and cross-functional health challenges facing low- and middle-income countries.

Maintaining and supporting technical expertise in development, including global health. U.S. global health programs have a track record of success and high-impact because they are supported by strong and deep technical expertise at USAID and the State Department. To continue and build upon this legacy of success, it is vital to maintain and support technical experts for the full range of U.S. global health programs and priorities.

Global health is a critical component of U.S. development and diplomatic engagement, and must be sustained. As such, the unique attributes and value-add of global health programs must receive appropriate attention, and be included at the highest levels of strategic discussions on government organization.

We strongly urge any redesign plan to commit to continued U.S. leadership in global health and support and sustain the cross-cutting development and diplomatic initiatives that help people live longer, healthier lives.

Action Against Hunger Advocates for Youth ALIMA USA
American College of Cardiology American Heart Association American Public Health Association AVAC
CARE USA
Center for Health and Gender Equity (CHANGE) CORE Group
Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation
Elizabeth R Griffin Research Foundation
FHI 360
FIND
Frontline Health Workers Coalition
Fund for Global Health Georgia AIDS Coalition Global Health Council Global Health Strategies
Global Health Technologies Coalition
HarvestPlus
Health Systems Management Helen Keller International IMA World Health
Infectious Diseases Society of America
IntraHealth International Johns Snow, Inc. (JSI) Millennium Water Alliance MMV
Noncommunicable Disease (NCD) Roundtable
Planned Parenthood Federation of America
Population Council RESULTS Austin SPOON
TB Alliance
The American Academy of Pediatrics
The Hunger Project
Uniting to Combat Neglected Tropical Diseases
Washington Global Health Alliance
WaterAid
White Ribbon Alliance

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Global Health Council Releases Recommendations for Six-Month Review of Mexico City Policy

Washington, DC (September 15, 2017) — Today Global Health Council released a statement of principles, endorsed by over 100 civil society organizations, on the upcoming six-month review of the impact of the expanded Mexico City Policy. The State Department proposed a six-month review of the policy’s impact on U.S. global health programs, which have saved and improved the lives of millions around the world. As the timeline approaches for the six-month review, the statement of principles provides recommendations for a review that is meaningful and comprehensive, and proposes an annual review to understand how the policy affects U.S. programs and their outcomes long-term.

“We recognize that the State Department has committed to reviewing the impact this policy has on the lives of so many around the world,” stated Loyce Pace, Global Health Council President and Executive Director. “Given the expanded policy has far-reaching effects across a number of programs and beneficiaries, we feel it is critical to be thoughtful about its implementation and evaluation during the time it remains in effect. We hope that the State Department will give serious consideration to our recommendations to ensure a thorough, transparent, and fully-accountable review.”

Specifically, the statement recommends that the review be comprehensive and transparent, and include the participation of a wide variety of stakeholders, including staff from impacted agencies, implementing organizations, donor and host country governments, and civil society in the U.S. and in aid-recipient countries. In addition, the review should clearly state how the State Department will address any issues, such as disruption in health access, that have arisen as a result of the policy.

On January 23, 2017, President Trump reinstated and expanded the Mexico City Policy, which requires foreign non-governmental organizations to certify that they will not use their own funds to provide information, referrals, or services for legal abortion or to advocate for access to abortion services in their own country as a condition of receiving U.S. global health assistance. In May, the State Department released guidance on the implementation of the expanded policy and at the time committed to conducting a six-month review of its impact on global health programs.

View the full Civil Society Recommendations for the 6-month Review of the Mexico City Policy.

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About Global Health Council

Established in 1972, Global Health Council (GHC) is the leading membership organization supporting and connecting advocates, implementers, and stakeholders around global health priorities worldwide. GHC represents the collaborative voice of the community on key issues; we convene stakeholders around key priorities and actively engage with decision makers to influence global health policy. Learn more at www.globalhealth.org.

Follow GHC on Twitter or “Like” us on Facebook for more information.

Media Contacts

Liz Kohlway, Communications & Member Engagement Manager
Global Health Council
ekohlway@globalhealth.org
(703) 717-5251

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GHC News Flash: Global Health Roundup – 9/11/2017

Johnson & Johnson (J&J)  Introduces New GenH Challenge
The GenH Challenge is a social venture prize competition designed to incentivize early-stage, human-centered health solutions from entrepreneurs, innovators, and individuals working on the front lines of care worldwide. With prizes up to $250,000 USD, the GenH Challenge seeks to combine the creativity of entrepreneurs with insights from the front lines of health to surface new, sustainable ideas that meet local health needs. Organizations, both for-profit and non-profit, from all over the world can apply. To be eligible to apply, teams must include someone who works on the front lines of care and the idea must have received under $250,000 USD funding or been in development for less than five years. Additionally, J&J has initiated a series of local events across the world for those wanting to learn more about the Challenge. Currently, events are being planned in Mexico City, Singapore, and Nairobi. Sign up for more information.


Call for Nominations Open for the Innovating for Impact Awards
GHC member Global Health Technologies Coalition (GHTC) is leading a new Innovating for Impact Awards initiative to celebrate the research partnerships and political champions that help transform breakthrough scientific research into lifesaving drugs, diagnostics, vaccines, and other health tools for devastating, unmet global health challenges. Awards will be presented in two categories. The Partnership Award will celebrate an innovative R&D partnership that brings together industry, government, nonprofits, academia, or other partners to advance a high-impact and game-changing global health technology. The Congressional Champion Award will honor two U.S. Members of Congress whose actions have strengthened political will and advanced U.S. efforts to develop technologies to fight the world’s most challenging diseases and health conditions. The deadline to submit nominations is September 20.


Have You Registered for the 2017 Triangle Global Health Annual Conference?
The Triangle Global Health Consortium invites you to attend the 2017 Triangle Global Health Annual Conference on September 28 in Raleigh to share, learn, and build relationships within North Carolina’s rich global health community. North Carolina (NC) is a leader in global health, housing more than 220 organizations, companies, and academic institutions that work in more than 185 countries to improve the health of people around the world. Global health work supports over 26,000 jobs in NC, and in 2015, the global health sector in NC contributed about $3.7 billion in gross state product. The conference sessions will highlight many areas of global health work taking place in the state and their far-reaching impact. Read Triangle Global Health’s blog to learn more about speakers and breakout sessions.


GLOBAL HEALTH NEWS BITE

1) In June, the GCM/NCD convened the first in a three-part webinar series on Gender and Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs). The second webinar on September 27 will examine settings approaches for preventing and treating NCDs affecting women and girls.
2) GHC member IntraHealth International announced the release of their 2016 Annual Report last month. Read the report to understand the full impact of the organization’s work upon health workers worldwide.
3) From September 18 until November 17, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is offering an innovative and free online course on global health research, “Measuring Health Outcomes in Field Surveys.” The course uses documentary-style footage from ongoing health research in India and Kenya along with expert interviews to explore the fundamentals of field based health research.
4) Join CUGH for two upcoming webinarsOctober 2 – How to Engage with Journalists and the Media to Communicate Your Projects and Programs to the Public – Learn how to pitch a story and translate technical information to a lay audience; and October 16 – USAID & CDC Financial Management & Compliance 2017/18 & Beyond – A must for those individuals responsible for ensuring technical and financial compliance under the new Uniform Guidance Rules.


 

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Strengthening Sierra Leone Health Systems: Applying Lessons from the 2014 Ebola Outbreak to Future Emergencies

This guest post was written by Laurentiu Stan (laurentiu_stan@jsi.com), MD,MPH, MBA, Chief of Party, Advancing Partners and Communities (APC) Project, Sierra Leone, JSI Research & Training Institute, Inc. John Snow, Inc., a member of Global Health Council (GHC), and the nonprofit JSI Research & Training Institute, Inc., are public health management consulting and research organizations dedicated to improving the health of individuals and communities in the US and around the globe.

Zainab Jalloh, holding her one-year-old daughter Khadijatu, at the Gbanti Community Health Post (CHP) on April 3, 2017 in Bombali District, Sierra Leone.

I’ve lived in Sierra Leone for almost two years, working to help this country’s long-battered health system recover from the Ebola outbreak that took the lives of more than 200 health professionals. Now the country has been affected by an epic landslide. Despite these tremendous setbacks, health systems and health indicators are improving.

Even before the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak, Sierra Leone had the world’s highest maternal mortality ratio: 1630 of 100,000 live births (UNICEF, 2010). By 2015, the ratio had dropped to 1360, but Sierra Leone still held the top spot in this dismal measurement. Ebola compounded the problem because about 1 in every 4 women stopped coming to clinics for prenatal care and delivery. In fact, although almost 4,000 Sierra Leoneans died due to the EVD outbreak (between May 2014 and January 2016), during that same period more than 4,500 women died in childbirth.

The Ministry of Health and Sanitation (MOHS) focused its post-Ebola health recovery priorities on strengthening the health system’s capacity to safely detect and prevent diseases and respond to future epidemics in cooperation with its neighbors. It also recognized the need to contribute to global health security to improve health and economic opportunities.

A health facility water pump before APC revitalization. Photo courtesy/ JSI Research & Training Institute, Inc.

Between September 2015 and August 2017, under the umbrella of the USAID-funded and JSI-managed Advancing Partners & Communities (APC) project, I have helped implement a number of programs that are contributing to MOHS recovery objectives by improving primary care service delivery in the communities hardest hit by Ebola. APC has revitalized 305 primary care facilities, ensuring access to basic health services—with a focus on improving quality of maternal health services—for almost 2 million Sierra Leoneans, including the 3,400 registered Ebola-survivors.

A health facility water pump after APC revitalization. Photo courtesy/ JSI Research & Training Institute, Inc.

APC’s community health facility upgrades dramatically improved water and sanitation standards, installed solar power systems, provided basic equipment, and trained more than 900 health professionals and 1,500 community health workers (CHWs) on reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health and as—importantly, given how Ebola was spread—infection prevention and control practices. Today, more than 2 million Sierra Leoneans in five districts have access to revitalized primary care and community health services in these primary care units and their catchment villages.
We know that another epidemic or emergency could come at any time, and while the Sierra Leone health system is going through significant transformations as part of the five-year recovery plan, it is better equipped now to address it.

The tragic August 14 landslide was just such an emergency—and the new systems that the U.S. government has invested in are working. The emergency coordination and resource mobilization mechanisms put in place with CDC support reacted well and fast. Mental health nurses who were trained to support Ebola survivors are providing psychosocial support to the several-thousand people who lost homes and relatives: more than 1,000 people died in the landslide. The CHWs recently trained by APC have undergone a 15-day social mobilization exercise to identify and convey messages on the prevention of cholera and other waterborne diseases to at-risk populations. With USAID and DfID support, JSI is assisting the MOHS relief efforts with emergency delivery of essential pharmaceutical and medical consumables to one area hospital and six primary care units.

This most recent tragedy has demonstrated that the country’s service delivery system has improved. One year after the outbreak ended, the MOHS data showed about a 10% positive change in uptake of facility deliveries and outpatient services in the four districts where 70% of Ebola survivors live. Now that health facilities have been revitalized, and health care workers are providing higher-quality services, we are seeing more and more Sierra Leoneans returning to their local health facilities.

There is still much to be done, of course. But Sierra Leone is on its way to a health system that meets the needs of its people—and, given the toll that Ebola took, is ready to confront the next infectious disease—be it Ebola or some other virus—with stronger, better prepared health services. And that helps us all.

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The Reach Act: Investing in Maternal and Child Health

This post was written by Melissa Chacko, Policy Associate at Global Health Council.

Over the past few decades great strides have been made in maternal and child health: since 1990, the deaths of mothers and children under age 5 worldwide have been cut by more than half. The decrease in maternal and child mortality rates is a product of simple evidence-based solutions and inexpensive interventions. However, there is still a significant amount of work to do to ensure that no woman or child dies from a preventable death in our generation. Nearly 300,000 women continue to die annually due to complications during pregnancy or childbirth and 99% of these maternal deaths occur in the developing world. Access to quality care is essential for women and children as they are an integral part to building strong and prosperous communities. To reach the overarching goal of ending preventable deaths may seem idealistic, but it is achievable if we maximize the return on U.S. investments in maternal and child health programs.

In 2014, an advisory panel analyzed USAID’s Maternal and Child Health program, and found areas of improvement that would maximize the progress of the program. Since then, the program has undergone the process of implementing reform and exploring innovative financing tools to bring new resources to the field. However, with these measurements and expansion, also comes a need for greater coordination and accountability.

The Reach Every Mother and Child Act (S.1730) would create that accountability and coordination, as well as codify the reforms, all of which will keep USAID on track to reach its goal of reducing preventable child and maternal deaths and maximizing impact. In early August, Senators Susan Collins (R-ME) and Chris Coons (D-DE) led a bipartisan group of 10 Senators in reintroducing the Reach Every Mother and Child Act.

The Reach Act:

1) Requires a coordinated U.S. government strategy for contributing to reducing preventable child and maternal deaths;
2) Establishes rigorous reporting requirements to improve transparency, accountability, efficiency, and oversight of maternal and child health programs;
3) Ensures USAID focuses on the scale-up of highest impact, evidence-based interventions to maximize the return on existing U.S. investments;
4) Establishes the position of Child and Maternal Survival Coordinator at USAID to reduce duplication of efforts and ensure that resources are being used to maximum impact; and
5) Helps USAID explore and implement innovative financing tools, such as pay for success contracting, to leverage additional public and private resources, complementing existing U.S. assistance.

A similar version of the legislation was introduced in Congress last session (S.1911 and H.R. 3706) and received strong bipartisan support in both chambers.

In almost every field of health, women and children are the most vulnerable in areas that lack essential healthcare resources and systems. We can change this narrative by passing the Reach Act. The lasting impact of this legislation will be seen through the thousands of women and children who will live longer and healthier lives, due to access to quality care. With the Senate back in session, outreach for Senate cosponsors on the Reach Every Mother and Child Act is in full swing. It is important to rally support on this issue and vocalize the importance of bipartisan support on the Reach Act.

We encourage you to contact your Senators to voice your support for the Reach Act. You can find contact information for the Senate here.

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